Tulsi Farming – According to Hindu customs in India, Tulsi is a revered plant. Which every people who follow Hindu religion put in their house. and worship it. There is also a quality in this, that this plant emits oxygen only at night. Tulsi is also a medicinal plant. Whose leaves, stem, root all parts are very useful. Nowadays people are earning millions by growing it commercially and selling them in the market.
Today, through this article, we are going to tell you the complete information related to the cultivation of Tulsi. Which will be very helpful for you to start this business. The sandy loam soil is considered most suitable for the cultivation of Tulsi. For its cultivation, first of all, nursery is prepared through seeds in June-July. Tulsi plant is considered very important from scientific point of view. Because Tulsi is used for the treatment of many diseases.
Benefits Of Tulsi
Tulsi plant is helpful in simple fever, phlegm and throat infection.
Tulsi also helps in reducing stress from daily life.
It also helps in removing kidney stones.
Tulsi is also helpful in keeping your heart healthy.
Apart from this, it is also beneficial in cancer.
If you want to quit smoking, then Tulsi is a useful plant.
Tulsi is also helpful in reducing the level of sugar from the blood.
Tulsi is also helpful in keeping hair and skin healthy.
Even if you have a headache, tea made from basil is very useful.
Varieties Of Tulsi Farming
Amrita Tulsi – This variety is found all over India. The color of its leaves is dark purple. Its plants are more branched.
Rama Tulsi – The warm season variety is grown more in South Indian states. Or the plant is two to three feet high and the color of the leaves is light green.
Black Basil – Its leaves and stem are light purple in color and flowers are light purple in color. Height is up to three feet.
Babai Tulsi – This is a variety of vegetables that make aromatic. Its leaves are long and pointed. The height of the plants is about 2 feet.
Camphor Tulsi – This is an American variety. It is used for flavoring tea and in the production of camphor. Its plant is about 3 feet high.
Climate Required for Tulsi Farming
Basil plants do not require any special temperature. Tulsi likes tropical climate. Its different varieties give great production in different climatic zones. Basil does not grow in alkaline soil. Well drained sandy loam soil is best. Its acidity should be between 5.5 to 7. It also does not need much rain or irrigation.
Climate Required and Land Preparation for Tulsi Farming
Basil plant grows well in normal soil. The friable and loamy soil in which drainage is well possible is useful for this medicinal plant. Basil grows well in alkaline and low salt soils. For Tulsi crop, you should first get your fields plowed and leveled. After this, the beds are prepared by making proper arrangements for irrigation and drainage. To cultivate basil, the nursery should be prepared in the last of February and after that you can transplant these plants in the month of April.
Preparation of Tulsi Crop
If 1 hectare is agricultural land. So plants made from 200 to 300 grams of basil seeds will be suitable for you. You have to sow the seed 2 to 3 cm below the ground to prepare the plant. When you sow the seeds, about 8 to 12 days after that, the plants come out of it, but the plants with 4 to 5 leaves suitable for your transplantation are fully ready in at least 6 weeks.
Planting in the field
Now you have to transplant the plants in the field prepared by your plowing. For this, you have to plant the plants prepared in the nursery in the field. When you plant plants in the field. So it should be kept in mind that there should be a distance of at least 45 cm in each line in your prepared bed and it is mandatory to have a distance of at least 20 to 25 cm between each plant, only then the entire plant size. development is possible.
Manures and fertilizers
The main purpose of Tulsi cultivation is to make medicine. Therefore chemical fertilizers should not be used. Organic manure can be used for a good crop of Tulsi. Manure made from cow dung and vermi compost are good options. Manure made from cow dung is used. So 10 to 15 tonnes of cow dung is suitable for 1 acre of land. If vermicompost is used, then 5 tonnes of manure is sufficient in an acre. It should be used according to the test of the soil of the field.
You must do the first irrigation in the crop immediately after planting. After this you can irrigate according to the moisture content of the soil. If it rains during the rainy season, then there is no need for irrigation, but in the summer season it needs irrigation 3 to 4 times in a month.
Weed control of Tulsi Farming
Weed control at the time of every crop is a challenging task in front of every farmer. In Tulsi cultivation, the first weeding should be done after 1 month of planting the plant, while the second weeding should be done after 3 to 4 weeks.
Basil Plants Harvesting, Yield and Benefits
When you have planted the plants, after 10 to 12 weeks you can harvest them. When you have to harvest these plants, you can get an idea of this by the flowers in the plants and the yellow reading leaves in their lower part. While harvesting the plants, you have to harvest by selecting 25 to 30 cm upper branches. For harvesting the vegetative parts of the plants, harvesting is done from a height of 20 to 25 cm from the ground. One hectare of Tulsi field yields 20 to 25 tonnes. In it 80 to 100 kg oil is obtained. The market price of oil is Rs 450 to 500 per kg.
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